Using Intonation to Show Grammar – #79880

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Using Intonation to Show Grammar – #79880

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english pronunciation practicePRACTICE

Important Points to Remember:

  • Words in a series: pitch rises on each word, and then falls on the last word
  •                                      (rise)   (rise)        (rise-fall)
    I need to reserve plane tickets, a car, and a hotel room.

  • Words in a series without an end: pitch rises on each word, including final word
  •                                      (rise)   (rise)       (rise)
    I need to reserve plane tickets, a car, a hotel room…

  • Choices: pitch rises on first choice and falls on second choice
  •                                   (rise)    (fall)
    Do you want to pay by cash or credit?

  • Introductory Words and Phrases: pitch rises-falls-rises at the end of the introduction

(rise-fall-rise)
Actually, I like traveling for business.

  • Additional Information: pitch stays flat for the information that is extra
  •       (rise-fall)                           (rise-fall)
    The business-class ticket was expensive.
                                               (flat—————rise-fall)
    The business-class ticket, a special perk from my boss, was expensive.

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